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Apa itu Hortatory Exposition Text? Struktur dan Contohnya

Definisi Hortatory Exposition Text

Hortatory exposition text adalah jenis teks dalam bahasa Inggris yang bertujuan untuk memberikan nasihat, saran, atau ajakan kepada pembaca atau pendengar.

Fungsi Hortatory Exposition Text

Teks ini digunakan untuk meyakinkan atau membujuk pembaca atau pendengar agar melakukan atau tidak melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan alasan-alasan yang diberikan dalam teks tersebut.

Struktur Hortatory Exposition Text

Thesis Statement (Pernyataan Pendapat):

Ini adalah bagian awal dari teks dan berisi pernyataan tegas yang menggambarkan pandangan atau posisi penulis terkait isu yang akan dibahas. Pernyataan ini umumnya disebutkan dalam paragraf pembuka sebagai pandangan atau pendapat penulis.

Arguments (Argumen-argumen):

Bagian ini terdiri dari sejumlah paragraf yang berisi argumen-argumen yang mendukung pandangan penulis. Setiap argumen biasanya disajikan dalam paragraf terpisah.

Setiap argumen harus didukung dengan bukti atau alasan yang kuat, dan penulis mencoba meyakinkan pembaca dengan argumen-argumen ini.

Recommendation (Rekomendasi atau Ajakan):

Bagian akhir teks berisi rekomendasi atau ajakan kepada pembaca untuk mengikuti pandangan penulis atau mengambil tindakan tertentu berdasarkan argumen yang telah disajikan.

Penulis mencoba meyakinkan pembaca atau pendengar untuk mengambil tindakan sesuai dengan pandangan atau nasihat yang diberikan.

Ciri-ciri hortatory exposition text

  1. Bahasa yang persuasif: Teks ini menggunakan bahasa yang persuasif untuk meyakinkan pembaca atau pendengar.
  2. Kehadiran argumen: Teks ini menyajikan argumen-argumen atau alasan-alasan yang mendukung pandangan penulis.
  3. Penyusunan ide yang sistematis: Teks ini biasanya memiliki struktur yang teratur, dengan pengembangan ide yang jelas dan terorganisir.
  4. Menggunakan kata kerja dan kalimat perintah: Hortatory exposition text seringkali menggunakan kata kerja dan kalimat perintah untuk mengajak pembaca atau pendengar melakukan sesuatu.
  5. Tujuan yang jelas: Teks ini memiliki tujuan yang jelas, yaitu untuk mengubah atau mempengaruhi pandangan atau perilaku pembaca atau pendengar.

Contoh Hortatory Exposition Text dalam Bahasa Inggris

Theme: The Importance of Maintaining Physical Health

Thesis Statement

As time goes by, we often neglect our physical health. However, maintaining physical health is of utmost importance, and we all should take actions to care for it.


Preventing Diseases: One of the primary reasons why we should maintain physical health is to prevent diseases. A healthy body has a better immune system and can fight infections more effectively. By consuming nutritious food, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep, we can reduce the risk of serious illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.

Enhancing Quality of Life: Good health also translates to a better quality of life. When we feel healthy, we have enough energy to enjoy everyday activities, pursue hobbies, and spend time with family and friends. This leads to greater happiness and satisfaction in life.

Saving Costs: Neglecting physical health can also result in high healthcare costs. Medical treatments and expensive medications can drain our financial resources. By taking regular care of our bodies, we can avoid these expenses.


Therefore, I strongly urge everyone to take good care of their physical health. Start by adopting a healthy lifestyle, which includes eating nutritious foods, exercising regularly, getting adequate sleep, and avoiding harmful habits. By doing so, we can ensure that our bodies remain healthy and strong, enabling us to lead a better and more productive life. Do not disregard your physical health; it is your most valuable asset.

Theme: The Importance of Environmental Conservation

Thesis Statement

Environmental conservation is a critical responsibility that we must all undertake to ensure the well-being of our planet and future generations.


Preserving Biodiversity: One compelling reason to prioritize environmental conservation is to preserve biodiversity. Earth’s diverse ecosystems are home to countless species, many of which are endangered. By protecting natural habitats and reducing pollution, we can help safeguard the rich variety of life on our planet.

Mitigating Climate Change: Environmental conservation plays a vital role in mitigating climate change. Activities like deforestation and excessive carbon emissions contribute to global warming. By promoting sustainable practices, conserving forests, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, we can slow down the adverse effects of climate change.

Ensuring Resource Sustainability: Our planet’s resources are finite, and their overexploitation can lead to resource depletion. Conservation practices, such as responsible forestry and sustainable agriculture, help ensure the long-term availability of essential resources like clean water and arable land.


Hence, I urge everyone to take proactive steps toward environmental conservation. Start by reducing waste, conserving energy, and supporting initiatives that protect natural habitats and wildlife. Small individual actions can collectively make a significant difference. Let us remember that we have a shared responsibility to protect our environment for ourselves and for generations to come.

Theme: The Significance of a Balanced Diet

Thesis Statement

Maintaining a balanced diet is crucial for our overall health and well-being, and we should all prioritize making healthy food choices.


Nutrient Intake: A balanced diet ensures that we receive the essential nutrients our bodies need to function properly. It includes a variety of food groups, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, lean proteins, and dairy. These provide us with vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats necessary for energy, growth, and maintaining bodily functions.

Disease Prevention: Consuming a balanced diet can help prevent various health conditions. It reduces the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Foods rich in fiber, antioxidants, and omega-3 fatty acids found in a balanced diet have been linked to improved health outcomes.

Energy and Mental Clarity: What we eat directly affects our energy levels and mental clarity. A balanced diet provides sustained energy throughout the day, helping us stay focused and productive. It can also enhance mood and mental well-being.


Therefore, I strongly recommend that we all pay attention to our dietary choices. Opt for a balanced diet that includes a wide range of nutrient-rich foods. Minimize the consumption of processed foods, sugary snacks, and excessive unhealthy fats. By prioritizing a balanced diet, we can improve our overall health, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and lead a more fulfilling life. Remember, the food we eat is the fuel for our bodies, and making healthier choices is an investment in our long-term well-being.

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